Once upon a time, cancer was a disease that was rarely considered, and was unheard of by many. Today, doctors are experiencing a number of people being affected in the same way. The thing to worry about is that there are so many types of cancers these days and it can be very difficult to diagnose them.
Skin cancer is one of the most common types of cancer these days, and in many cases, people do not take care of themselves and are not safe from the sun. The important thing to remember is that if skin cancer is detected in a timely manner, it can be cured and cured.
What is skin cancer?
When there is an uncontrolled growth of normal skin cells, it is called skin cancer. This type of cancer occurs when the DNA of skin cells is damaged and not repaired. It can lead to mutation, genetic defects and even tumors and malignancy.
Why Skin Cancer Should Be Treated Immediately:
If the condition is detected at an early stage, it is also easier to treat and completely eradicate the cancer. In addition, early detection also prevents the condition from spreading to other parts of the body.
To get pre-treatment, it is important to learn how to test your skin, which will ensure that you can detect the condition much earlier.
What are the types of cancer?
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC): This is probably the most common type of skin cancer and it happens very often compared to other types of skin cancers. This type of cancer arises from basal cells, which are actually located in the deeper layers of the epidermis. The initial appearance may be in the form of a bump or ulcer, which may not heal. It is also present in the form of a patch of skin, which is red and irritated. Most often, areas exposed to constant sunlight, such as the skin, face, ears, and scalp, are affected by basal cell carcinoma. If the condition is detected in a timely manner, treatment and cure will be possible.
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)): Starting in scaly cells, this type of cancer also infects the epidermis. This condition can appear in the form of skin crusting or scaling. The area may become red and inflamed and there may be lumps, which may not heal. Although this condition is most common in places that are constantly exposed to sunlight, it can manifest on any part of the body. With early treatment, the condition can be prevented from spreading.
Melanoma: It is the most dangerous skin cancer that arises from pigmented skin cells. If the condition is not correctly diagnosed in time, it can lead to death; However, this type of cancer can and should be cured with minor surgeries. But once the melanoma starts to spread in the body, it is very difficult to cure.
What are the basic treatments for skin cancers:
If the condition is diagnosed over time, there are certain procedures and treatments that can cure the cancer. The following are some of the commonly used methods:
Extensive local excision – The tumor is surgically removed and a small piece of tissue is also removed around the tumor.
Moh Surgery – Skin cancer can be removed in a very precise manner
Cryosurgery – In this method the tumor is destroyed subjecting it to cold treatment
Laser surgery – Cancer cells evaporate using a laser
Courtesy and Desiccation Skin cancer can be removed by techniques such as scraping and catheterization
Topical chemotherapy Prescribed medications, in the form of tion lotion or cream, should be applied to the skin, where the cancer will manifest itself
Photodynamic therapy for pre-cancer growth – Special drugs called photosensitizing agents, combined with light therapy are used to eliminate defective cells.
What are the main and do’s and don’ts?
Here are the things you need to do:
Try to reduce the time you spend in the sun, especially between 10am and 2pm, i.e. when the sun’s rays are strong.
Wear sunglasses, sunglasses and hats with wide brims
Make sure you use sunscreen regularly and choose one that protects you from UVA and UVB.
Artificial Avoid artificial tones, tanning beds and tanning equipment as much as possible.
Learn how to detect ABCDEs of skin cancer lesions:
B: The border is illegal
C: Color variation
D: diameter increase
E: Evolving nature
Skin If you notice any skin lesions or moles, you should visit a dermatologist immediately.
Here are the things you should not do:
Skin If you notice any signs of skin cancer, do not ignore them and make sure you have them checked by your doctor.
A Instead of going to a general practitioner, it makes sense to see a dermatologist because they can offer better advice.
Skin If this condition is diagnosed as skin cancer, do not ask questions and avoid further treatment.